While breast cancer is considered to be a developed world disease, in less developed countries, nearly 50% of breast cancer cases and 58% of deaths occur. By 19.3 per 100,000 women in Eastern Africa to 89.7 per 100,000 women in Western Europe, incidence rates vary greatly globally.
Breast cancer ranked number one in Indian women with an adjusted age rate of up to 25.8 per 100,000 women and 12.7 per 100,000 women with mortality.Indian women with breast cancer find themselves a decade younger than western women who say breast cancer occurs in India at a younger pre-menopausal age.
WHAT CAUSES A BREAST CANCER TO DEVELOP?
Breast cancer occurs when an irregular development of some breast cells starts. Such cells divide faster than and continue to accumulate healthy cells, creating a lump or mass. Cells will spread (metastasize) to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body through the breast. Breast cancer occurs when an irregular development of some breast cells starts. Such cells divide faster than and continue to accumulate healthy cells, creating a lump or mass. Cells will spread (metastasize) to one’s lymph nodes or other parts of the body through the breast.
Studies have identified hormonal, behavioral, and environmental factors that can increase your breast cancer risk. But why many people who have no risk factors grow cancer is not clear, yet other people with risk factors never do so. Breast cancer is likely to be caused by a complex interaction between your genetic makeup and your environment.
RISK FACTORS OF BREAST CANCER
- Being female.
- Increasing age.
- A personal history of breast conditions.
- A personal history of breast cancer.
- A family history of breast cancer.
- Inherited genes that increase cancer risk.
- Radiation exposure.
- Beginning your period at a younger age.
- Beginning menopause at an older age.
- Having your first child at an older age.
- Having never been pregnant.
- Postmenopausal hormone therapy.
- Drinking alcohol.
LESSONS FOR THE YOUTH
- Get to know your breasts for breast sensitivity by breast self-examination.Women may choose to familiarize themselves with their breasts by examining their breasts periodically for breast awareness during a breast self-exam. Talk to your doctor immediately if there is a new change, lumps or other odd signs in your breasts.
- Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all: Limit the amount of alcohol you drink to no more than one drink a day, if you choose to drink.
- Exercise most days of the week:Aim on most days of the week for at least 30 minutes of exercise. If you haven’t been involved in recent times, ask your doctor if it’s OK to start slowly.
- Limit postmenopausal hormone therapy: The risk of breast cancer may be raised by combination hormone therapy. Talk to your doctor about hormone therapy benefits and risks.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Choose a healthy diet.