Do’s and Dont’s of Doxycycline

One of widely used antibiotic for serious infections is doxycycline. It has been found useful in treating  variety of infections like pneumonia and other respiratory tract infections, infections of eye, skin, lymphatic, urinary, genital (STD), intestinal systems and also in certain infections spread by lice, mites, infected animals (anthrax), ticks and through contaminated food, water etc. it is also used to prevent infections like leptospirosis, anthrax, malaria and plague.

 

HOW IT WORKS?

It belongs to a class of medication called tetracycline antibiotics. It prevents the infection by killing the bacteria or inhibiting the spread.

 

HOW TO TAKE THE MEDICATION

Take doxycycline with a glass full of water. It is better to take it between two meals. If any sort of bowel upset present, take the medication with food.

 

FOODS / ACTIVITIES TO BE AVOIDED

  • Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight. It is better to wear sunglasses, sunscreen or other protective measures.
  • If you are taking doxycycline as prophylaxis for malaria, it is better to use mosquito repellents, nets and other preventive clothing along with it. Doxycycline does not offer complete protection from malaria.
  • Avoid taking milk or dairy products along with doxycycline.

 

CONTRAINDICATED CONDITIONS

  • Strictly avoid doxycycline if you are planning to get pregnant, pregnant or breast feeding. It can cross placenta and can harm the fetus.
  • It should be strictly avoided in babies and children below the age of 8. It can result in permanent staining of the teeth.
  • If you ever had conditions like lupus (an autoimmune disorder), intracranial hypertension, asthma, kidney or liver disease inform the health care team before taking the medication.

 

 

CONTRAINDICATED MEDICATIONS

  • If you are taking anticoagulants like aspirin, vitamin and nutritional supplements, barbiturates, proton pump inhibitors like omeprazole, esomeprazole etc. inform your health care team.
  • Avoid using antacids that contain calcium, aluminum or magnesium.
  • Avoid taking calcium supplementation, iron supplements and laxative containing magnesium. It can interfere with doxycycline by form a chelating complex and making it less effective

NOTE: – consider a spacing of at least 3 hours between doxycycline and these medications.

 

ADVERSE REACTIONS

  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Headache
  • Esophageal ulcers
  • Enterocolitis
  • Reddish face
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lesions on genitals
  • Tooth discoloration
  • Hepatotoxicity
  • SLE
  • Intracranial hypertension
  • Serum sickness

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