Prediabetes is a condition in which the blood sugar level is elevated than the normal but it is not high enough to be marked as type 2 diabetes. This condition is also called impaired glucose tolerance.
Prediabetes and diabetes mellitus
In prediabetes the fasting blood glucose level ranges between 100 – 125 mg/dl (5.6 -7.0 mmol/l). This result point towards a condition called impaired fasting glucose. A blood glucose level higher than this that is, above126mg/dl (7.0 mmol/l) is termed as type 2 daibetes.
Symptoms of prediabetes
Prediabetes usually have no symptoms. But, some people feel to have excessive hunger, weight gain, frequent urination, fatigue or excessive thirst.
Causes and risk factors of prediabetes
- Weight: if you have BMI of over 25, we can say that you are overweight and having a very high risk for developing prediabetes. Excessive fat in the abdominal region may tend to increase this risk. Extra adipose tissue have a significant effect in contributing to diabetes.
- Lack of physical activity and sedentary lifestyle
- Family history: a family history of diabetes can increase the risk as it is often a hereditary disease.
- Ethinicity: certain group of people say, American – Indians, Latin – Americans, Africa- Americans, Hispanic – Americans etc.
- Age: as the age advances the risk progresses
- Gestational diabetes
- Other comorbid health conditions: hypertension, high bad cholesterol and PCOD (polycystic ovary disease).
Treatment or management of prediabetes
There is no treatment for prediabetes. We have to focus on dietary control, physical exercise and managing comorbid diseases if necessary.