A study conducted by Annals of Internal Medicine, there have been found that the death rate due to diabetes in men has fallen down drastically. But women are in same serious condition.
The ratio of death rate of women with diabetes to the one without diabetes has doubled. The main reason for these are:
- Women usually doesn’t receive aggressive treatment for diabetes and cardiovascular related disorders. Women also have different types of heart diseases.
- The diabetes complications are very much difficult to diagnose in women.
- The have a differing working pattern and excessive hormones.
Women have some unique symptoms of diabetes. They are:
- Vaginal thrush and oral and vaginal infections caused by yeast.
These infections caused by candida species of fungus are most common in women. Vaginal yeast infections are presented by:
- Vaginal discharge
- Painful sex
Oral yeast infections are presented by a white coating on the mouth and around the tongue. The development and growth of this yeast infection are trigged by the glucose inside the mouth.
Prevention: keep blood glucose level close to the target.
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome:
Another symptom unique to women is PCOS. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a condition in which the ovaries grow large in size and the release of egg is disturbed. It is linked to insulin production and as the person has a risk of PCOS insulin resistance begins and resulting in diabetes mellitus. It can be recognized in earlier stages by checking the following symptoms:
- Menstrual disturbances
- An increase in body weight
- Fertility problems
Prevention: health diet, eating habits and regular exercise.
- Urinary tract infection
In 2005, a research found out that 12.9 percent of women has an incidence of urinary tract infection that too, in the first year of diagnosis. The high glucose level in diabetes deprives the immune system contributing to infections. Symptoms include:
- Painful or burning sensation
- Blood in urine
Prevention: drink lots of water, urinate frequently and wear cotton underwear.
- Sexual dysfunction
Diabetes can lead to a series of complications. Diabetic neuropathy is one of the long term complication and it leads to decreased sensation to the nerve endings and functional capacity of the leg, feet and arms are decreased. Neuropathy can also result in the decreased sexual drive due to decreased sensations in the vagina.
Prevention: consult with a doctor if having sexual disturbances.
- Menstrual disturbances
In young women, changes in hormone level can result in abnormal blood sugar level. This can result in heavier and longer periods. This may often occur as a pattern and it may vary in each cycles.
Prevention: keep blood sugar level within the limits. Eating healthy food and sleeping regularly can often relieve stress. If needed, take insulin before the time of periods